What is the role of radiation exposure in the etiology of acute myeloid leukemia (AML)?

Updated: May 26, 2020
  • Author: Karen Seiter, MD; Chief Editor: Emmanuel C Besa, MD  more...
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Answer

Several studies demonstrate a relationship between radiation exposure and leukemia. Early radiologists (before the use of appropriate shielding) were found to have an increased likelihood of developing leukemia. Patients receiving therapeutic irradiation for ankylosing spondylitis were at increased risk of leukemia. Survivors of the atomic bomb explosions in Japan were at a markedly increased risk for the development of leukemia.


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