What is the role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the etiology of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumors?

Updated: Jan 31, 2021
  • Author: Luca Cicalese, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Patients with larger tumors (ie, single tumors < 5 cm or multiple [≤ 3] tumors < 3 cm) are considered for resection if they have preserved liver function or for transplantation if they have decompensated cirrhosis.

In patients whose tumor exceeds these measurements, palliative therapy can be offered depending upon hepatic reserve, but long-term survival (>3 years) is achieved by fewer than 10% of patients.

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