What is the role of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) in the diagnosis of diagnosis of mediastinal abnormalities?

Updated: Apr 24, 2019
  • Author: Narayan Neupane, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Evaluation of mediastinal lesions, intrapulmonary pulmonary nodules, and endobronchial lesions

EBUS can visualize and allow physicians to sample and diagnose various mediastinal abnormalities, [16] including sarcoidosis [17, 18, 19, 20] and mediastinal lymphoma. [21, 22, 23, 24] It can characterize the intraparenchymal and endobronchial lesions and help to determine the likelihood of malignancy based on appearance. EBUS-TBNA can visualize and allow sampling of pulmonary nodules that are not visualized by fluoroscopy and may avert the need for surgical procedures. [25] RP-EBUS is a relatively accurate tool in the investigation of peripheral pulmonary lesions. [26]

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