What is the role of a medical thoracoscopy (pleuroscopy) in the workup of recurrent pleural effusions?

Updated: Apr 18, 2019
  • Author: Rajiv Malhotra, DO, MS, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Recurrent Pleural Effusions of Benign Origin

Recurrent pleural effusions are often caused by heart failure, cardiac surgery, nephritic syndrome, connective tissue diseases, and other inflammatory disorders. When these effusions are not controlled by repeat large-volume thoracentesis, pleural biopsies can be obtained through medical thoracoscopy and pleurodesis can be performed if necessary.

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