Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastics, Topical are used in the treatment of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma?

Updated: Jul 08, 2020
  • Author: Talib Najjar, DMD, MDS, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Antineoplastics, Topical

Nonsurgical options for the treatment of cSCC include topical chemotherapy and topical immune response modifiers. The use of topical therapy and photodynamic therapies is generally limited to actinic keratoses and in situ lesions.

Fluorouracil topical (Efudex, Carac, Fluoroplex)

5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a classic antimetabolite anticancer drug with a chemical structure similar to endogenous intermediates or building blocks of DNA or RNA synthesis. This agent inhibits tumor cell growth through at least 3 different mechanisms that ultimately disrupt DNA synthesis or cellular viability. Topical 5-FU is approved for the treatment of multiple actinic or solar keratoses.


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