Which physical findings suggest conjunctiva involvement in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)?

Updated: Jul 08, 2020
  • Author: Talib Najjar, DMD, MDS, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Most SCCs involving the conjunctiva manifest as chronic, unilateral, localized patches of redness or more diffuse conjunctivitis (see the image below). They can also present as a mass in the interpalpebral fissure at the nasal or temporal limbus with a gelatinous and velvety, papilliform, or leukoplakic appearance. Prominent feeder vessels may be seen. The corneoscleral limbus is the most common location, although the palpebral conjunctiva or cornea may be involved, particularly in the interpalpebral region.

Extensive conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma of Extensive conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma of the left eye. The patient had limbal and corneal involvement temporally, as well as scleral invasion with intraocular spread. A malignant cellular reaction in the anterior chamber was present. The patient was treated with a lid-sparing exenteration.

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