What are the risk factors for tumor recurrence in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)?

Updated: Jul 08, 2020
  • Author: Talib Najjar, DMD, MDS, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA  more...
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Answer

Recurrence risk is increased with high-risk tumors; lesions larger than 2 cm recur at a rate of 15.7% after excision. Poorly differentiated lesions recur at a rate of 25% after excision, as opposed to well-differentiated lesions, which recur at a rate of 11.8%.

Local recurrence rates following extirpation of a recurrent SCC range from 10% to 23%. Reported rates of metastasis are as high as 25-45%, but these figures may overestimate the risk in recurrences that are caught early.


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