Which imaging studies are used in the workup of flank pain associated with nephrolithiasis/kidney stones, and when is urologic consultation indicated?

Updated: Dec 11, 2019
  • Author: Bradley C Gill, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Bradley Fields Schwartz, DO, FACS  more...
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If an upper tract stone is suspected, imaging is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Studies of various modalities (eg, ultrasound, computed tomography, x-ray) have shown varying leves of diagnostic efficacy, with patient-specific factors often playing a part. [6]  In the setting of uncontrollable pain, inability to tolerate oral intake, or concomitant urinary tract infection, urologic consultation to pursue surgical management should be considered.  See Nephrolithiasis for more information.

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