How is lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in infants treated?

Updated: Dec 19, 2018
  • Author: Wayne Wolfram, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Robert K Minkes, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

Treatment for anal fissures consists of the administration of stool softeners and the use of rectal dilation.

In patients with intussusception, barium, saline, and pneumatic enema, while diagnostic, are potentially therapeutic as well. Successful reduction in intussusception is achieved in up to 90% of cases. Unsuccessful enema necessitates laparotomy and manual reduction or resection of the intussusception.

In cases of gangrenous bowel, laparotomy is usually necessary for definitive treatment.

The symptoms of milk protein allergy generally resolve in 48 hours to 2 weeks after withdrawal of the offending milk product.


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