How is the cause of upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding diagnosed in children older than 2 years?

Updated: Dec 19, 2018
  • Author: Wayne Wolfram, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Robert K Minkes, MD, PhD  more...
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After the initial stabilization of patients with upper GI bleeding, upper endoscopy is the preferred diagnostic and therapeutic tool. The esophagus and stomach are assessed for the presence of varices and in order to exclude gastritis or ulcer disease as the source of bleeding. Gastric varices are most commonly found in the fundus.

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