Which physical findings are characteristic of lower gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in infants?

Updated: Dec 19, 2018
  • Author: Wayne Wolfram, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Robert K Minkes, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

Diagnosis of anal fissures is made by anal examination, sometimes performed with a nasal speculum. Further tests are unnecessary. (In older children, as in adults, refractory anal fissures or those located off the midline should raise suspicion for IBD, specifically Crohn disease.)

Symptoms of intussusception include a palpable, sausage-shaped mass.

Children with a gangrenous bowel present with evidence of bowel obstruction, abdominal distension, dehydration, and peritonitis.


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