How common is pediatric gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and how is it treated?

Updated: Dec 19, 2018
  • Author: Wayne Wolfram, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Robert K Minkes, MD, PhD  more...
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Answer

Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding in infants and children occurs frequently.  Fortunately, the majority of cases do not result in serious health consequences.

The initial approach to patients with significant GI bleeding should be to ensure patient stability, to establish adequate oxygen delivery, to place intravenous access, to initiate fluid and blood resuscitation, and to correct any underlying coagulopathies.

A juvenile polyp, one of the causes of GI bleeding, is seen in the image below.

Go to Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding for complete information on this topic.

Intraoperative view of a bleeding juvenile polyp. Intraoperative view of a bleeding juvenile polyp.

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