What is the role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of intestinal perforation?

Updated: Jul 24, 2020
  • Author: Samy A Azer, MD, PhD, MPH; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Localized gas collection related to bowel perforation may be detectable on ultrasonography (US), particularly if it is associated with other visible abnormalities (eg, thickened bowel loop). The site of bowel perforation can be detected by US (eg, gastric vs duodenal perforation, perforated appendicitis vs perforated diverticulitis). Ultrasonograms of the abdomen can also provide rapid evaluation of the liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, ovaries, adrenals, and uterus.


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