What is the incidence of intestinal perforation in adults?

Updated: Jul 24, 2020
  • Author: Samy A Azer, MD, PhD, MPH; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

In adults, perforations of peptic ulcer disease were a common cause of morbidity and mortality with acute abdomen until the latter half of the 20th century. The rate has fallen in parallel with the general decline in the prevalence of peptic ulcer disease. Duodenal ulcer perforations are 2-3 times more common than are gastric ulcer perforations. About a third of gastric perforations are due to gastric carcinoma.

Approximately 10-15% of patients with acute diverticulitis develop free perforation. Although most episodes of perforated diverticulum are confined to the peridiverticular region or pelvis, patients occasionally present with signs of generalized peritonitis. The overall mortality is relatively high (~20-40%), largely because of complications, such as septic shock and multiorgan failure.


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