How did colostomy become the treatment of choice for intestinal perforation during the World War II?

Updated: Jul 24, 2020
  • Author: Samy A Azer, MD, PhD, MPH; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

During the early years of World War II, Ogilvie, a leading surgeon in the British Army, recommended colostomy for management of all colonic injuries. This notion was supported by a publication from the office of the Surgeon General of the United States. However, the data presented in Ogilvie's series were not convincing. He reported a mortality rate of 53% for colonic injuries treated with colostomy, a rate similar to that observed during World War I.

According to Ogilvie, colostomy apparently failed to improve the mortality rate in World War II because primary repairs were used to treat less-severe injuries during World War I. Many patients in World War I were treated expectantly and were not included in the mortality data. On the other hand, Ogilvie's data included all patients with bowel injuries. These apparent differences in the methodology used convinced surgeons to continue using colostomies in such injuries after World War II.


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