What is endemic syphilis?

Updated: Sep 14, 2020
  • Author: Hassan I Galadari, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD  more...
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Endemic syphilis is a disease that is common to dry, hot climates and to rural areas of poor economic status, education, and personal hygiene. [1, 2] Transmission occurs when skin or mucous membranes come in contact with infected skin lesions.

Features of endemic syphilis have been noted in Africa as far back as the start of recorded history.

Endemic syphilis is also known as sibbens (Scotland), radseyege (Scandinavia), siti (Gambia), therlijevo (Croatia), njovera (Zimbabwe), frenjak (Balkans), and nonvenereal endemic syphilis (Bejel).

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