Which factors increase the risk of mortality from HIV-associated meningitis?

Updated: Aug 24, 2017
  • Author: Gulshan Uppal, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Answer

Higher mortality rates correlate with the following:

  • Poor mental status

  • High cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure at presentation (present in about two thirds of patients)

  • Positive CSF India ink test

  • Extra-CNS manifestations

  • Higher fungal burdens, in fungal meningitis

  • Cytomegalovirus ventriculoencephalitis (often causes death within weeks to months)


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