What forms of meningitis are associated with HIV?

Updated: Aug 24, 2017
  • Author: Gulshan Uppal, MD; Chief Editor: Niranjan N Singh, MBBS, MD, DM, FAHS, FAANEM  more...
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Answer

Answer

Different forms of meningitis are associated with HIV infection. They may be classified as follows, according to the etiologic agent:

  • Cryptococcal

  • Tuberculous

  • Syphilitic

  • Listeria species

  • Lymphomatous

  • Aseptic

Chronic meningitis or episodes of acute meningitis for which no cause is found can occur at any time during the course of AIDS. In addition, although individuals who are HIV seropositive are at increased risk for the development of certain types of meningitis, evidence suggests that they are also more likely than the general population to develop community-acquired bacterial or viral meningitides.


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