How is sodium nitroprusside used to treat hypertensive emergencies?

Updated: Feb 05, 2018
  • Author: Christy Hopkins, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Answer

Sodium nitroprusside is a commonly used medication. It is a short-acting agent, and the BP response can be titrated from minute to minute. However, patients must have constant monitoring in an ICU. The potential exists for thiocyanate and cyanide toxicity with prolonged use or if the patient has renal or hepatic failure.


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