Which symptoms are associated with a hypertensive emergency?

Updated: Feb 05, 2018
  • Author: Christy Hopkins, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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The presence of new retinal hemorrhages, exudates, or papilledema suggests a hypertensive emergency. Evaluate for the presence of heart failure, which may be indicated by jugular venous distention, crackles on auscultation, and peripheral edema. Central nervous system (CNS) findings may include changes in the patient's level of consciousness and visual fields, and/or the presence of focal neurologic signs. Abdominal masses or bruits may be noted.

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