Which modalities are used to screen for breast cancer?

Updated: Dec 27, 2019
  • Author: Pavani Chalasani, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: John V Kiluk, MD, FACS  more...
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Answer

A number of screening modalities exist for breast cancer, including clinical breast examination, mammography, ultrasonography, and MRI. (See Breast Cancer Screening.)

In December 2013, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning that nipple aspirate tests are not an effective screening tool for breast cancer or other breast diseases and should not be used in place of mammography, other imaging tests, or biopsy. The agency is concerned that the test, which involves analysis of fluid aspirated from a woman's breast with a pump device, could lead to false-positive or -negative results if fluid analysis alone is used as a screen. [91]


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