Which medications in the drug class Phosphodiesterase-4 Enzyme Inhibitors are used in the treatment of Psoriasis?

Updated: Nov 20, 2020
  • Author: Jacquiline Habashy, DO, MSc; Chief Editor: William D James, MD  more...
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Answer

Phosphodiesterase-4 Enzyme Inhibitors

The mechanisms by which phosphodiesterase-4 (PED4) inhibitors elicit anti-inflammatory effects are not completely understood. Unlike biologics that neutralize inflammatory mediators at the protein level, apremilast modulates mediator production at the level of mRNA expression.

Apremilast (Otezla)

Apremilast is a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor specific for cAMP, resulting in increased intracellular cAMP levels. It may affect cytokines and chemokine synthesis, leading to anti-inflammatory effects. It is indicated for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis in adults who are candidates for phototherapy or systemic therapy.


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