What are central nervous system complications of mycoplasmal pneumonia?

Updated: Dec 28, 2018
  • Author: Michael Joseph Bono, MD, FACEP; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Central nervous system involvement is rare in most M pneumoniae infections, but hospitalized children are at particular risk of developing encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, transverse myelitis, peripheral neuropathy, or cerebellar ataxia. These complications can be seen in adults, although less frequently. [42, 43] Some of the CNS sequelae may be permanent. [44] How M pneumoniae causes neurologic damage is unclear, but may be linked to an immunologic reaction to antigens produced by the infection. [44]


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