How are wounds irrigated?

Updated: Apr 24, 2020
  • Author: Brian J Daley, MD, MBA, FACS, FCCP, CNSC; Chief Editor: Zubin J Panthaki, MD, CM, FACS, FRCSC  more...
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Answer

Gently irrigate the wound with a physiologic saline solution. If cost is a major consideration, the patient can prepare a saline solution at home by using 1 gallon of distilled water and 8 teaspoons of table salt. The solution is boiled and then cooled to room temperature before use.

If surface exudate is present, consider irrigation under pressure. An irrigation pressure of approximately 8 psi can be achieved with saline forced through a 19-gauge angiocatheter with a 35-mL syringe. Pat the wound surface with soft moist gauze; do not disrupt viable granulation tissue.


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