What is the pathogenesis of chronic venous insufficiency requiring wound care?

Updated: Apr 24, 2020
  • Author: Brian J Daley, MD, MBA, FACS, FCCP, CNSC; Chief Editor: Zubin J Panthaki, MD, CM, FACS, FRCSC  more...
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Answer

Patients with varicose veins or nonfunctional venous valves after deep vein thrombosis develop ambulatory venous hypertension, that is, distal venous pressure remains elevated despite ambulation. This constant venous hypertension seems to cause white cell and fibrin buildup, which impairs capillary blood flow or traps growth factors. Macromolecules pass into the dermis and eventually cause the hemosiderin deposition and brawny induration in the distal leg (gaiter area) characteristic of chronic venous insufficiency.


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