Why are symptoms of thymoma more likely to be seen in children more than adults?

Updated: Dec 03, 2018
  • Author: Kendrix J Evans, MD, MS; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Although development of a thymoma in childhood is rare, children are more likely than adults to have symptoms. Several explanations for the prevalence of symptoms in children have been proposed, including the following:

  • Children are more likely to have malignancy
  • Lesions are more likely to cause symptoms by compression or invasion in the smaller thoracic cavity of a child
  • The most common location for mediastinal tumors in children is near the trachea, resulting in respiratory symptoms

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