How are chronic macular changes (sickling maculopathy) characterized in sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: Hampton Roy, Sr, MD  more...
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Answer

Answer

Chronic macular vascular occlusions occur in SCD. These are manifested by microaneurysms resembling dots, hairpin-shaped vascular loops, and abnormal foveal avascular zone (FAZ).


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