What are the posterior segment ocular manifestations of sickle cell disease (SCD)?

Updated: Jul 22, 2021
  • Author: Mark Ventocilla, OD, FAAO; Chief Editor: Andrew G Lee, MD  more...
  • Print


The abnormalities of the posterior segment can be divided into 6 categories, as follows [4, 5, 6, 7] :

  • Optic disc changes

  • Posterior retinal and macular vascular occlusion

  • Chronic macular changes (sickling maculopathy)

  • Choroidal vascular occlusions

  • Nonproliferative retinal changes

  • Proliferative retinal changes

Did this answer your question?
Additional feedback? (Optional)
Thank you for your feedback!