What treatment is indicated for a patient with rapidly decompensating ischemic stroke?

Updated: May 27, 2020
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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In the case of the rapidly decompensating patient or the patient with deteriorating neurologic status, reassessment of the ABCs as well as hemodynamics and reimaging are indicated. Many patients who develop hemorrhagic transformation or progressive cerebral edema will demonstrate acute clinical decline. Rarely, a patient may have escalation of symptoms secondary to increased size of the ischemic penumbra. Careful observation for hemorrhagic transformation (especially in the first 24 hours postreperfusion) and cerebral edema in patients with hemispheric or posterior fossa strokes in the first 24–36 hours is warranted.

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