How effective are the Solitaire FR Revascularization Device and Trevo systems for the endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke?

Updated: May 27, 2020
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

More recent trials of the stent-retriever systems demonstrated superiority in reperfusion over the original Merci systems. In the Solitaire Flow Restoration Device Versus the Merci Retriever in Patients with Acute Ischaemic Stroke (SWIFT) study, which enrolled 113 subjects with moderate or severe strokes within 8 hours after symptom onset, the Solitaire FR system demonstrated successful revascularization (TIMI 2-3 flow) in 61% of patients, compared with 24% of patients treated with the Merci system. Patients in the Solitaire FR group also had a higher rate of good 90-day clinical outcomes than did those in the Merci group (58% versus 33%, respectively). [112]

A similar study, the Trevo Versus Merci Retrievers for Thrombectomy Revascularisation of Large Vessel Occlusions in Acute Ischaemic Stroke (TREVO 2) trial, reported successful reperfusion (TIMI 2-3 flow) in 86% of patients using the Trevor stent retriever, compared with 60% in the Merci group. The rate of good clinical outcomes at 90 days was also higher in the Trevo group than in the Merci group (40% vs 22%, respectively). [113] Ongoing studies will better define the role of intra-arterial therapies with and without intravenous fibrinolysis.

For more information, see Mechanical Thrombolysis in Acute Stroke.


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