What is calculated using either perfusion MRI or CT scanning in the workup of ischemic stroke?

Updated: May 27, 2020
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Based on the central volume principle, dynamic brain perfusion data can be obtained. Cerebral blood volume (CBV), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and mean transit time (MTT) can be calculated using either perfusion MRI or CT scanning. (See the image below.)

Regions of interest are selected for arterial and Regions of interest are selected for arterial and venous input (image on left) for dynamic susceptibility-weighted perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Signal-time curves (image on right) obtained from these regions of interest demonstrate transient signal drop following the administration of intravenous contrast. The information obtained from the dynamic parenchymal signal changes postcontrast is used to generate maps of different perfusion parameters.

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