What is the etiology of ischemic stroke?

Updated: May 27, 2020
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Ischemic strokes result from events that limit or stop blood flow, such as extracranial or intracranial thrombotic embolism, thrombosis in situ, or relative hypoperfusion. As blood flow decreases, neurons cease functioning. Although a range of thresholds has been described, irreversible neuronal ischemia and injury is generally thought to begin at blood flow rates of less than 18 mL/100 g of tissue/min, with cell death occurring rapidly at rates below 10 mL/100 g of tissue/min


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