How is venous infarction differentiated from acute ischemic stroke (AIS)?

Updated: May 27, 2020
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

The brain is the most metabolically active organ in the body. While representing only 2% of the body's mass, it requires 15-20% of the total resting cardiac output to provide the necessary glucose and oxygen for its metabolism.

Knowledge of cerebrovascular arterial anatomy and the territories supplied by the cerebral arteries is useful in determining which vessels are involved in acute stroke. Atypical patterns of brain ischemia that do not conform to specific vascular distributions may indicate a diagnosis other than ischemic stroke, such as venous infarction.


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