What is the role of recanalization in the treatment of ischemia?

Updated: May 27, 2020
  • Author: Edward C Jauch, MD, MS, FAHA, FACEP; Chief Editor: Helmi L Lutsep, MD  more...
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Answer

Recanalization strategies, including intravenous recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (alteplase or rt-PA) and intra-arterial approaches, attempt to establish revascularization so that cells within the ischemic penumbra (a metabolically active region, peripheral to the ischemic area, where blood flow is reduced and the cells are potentially viable) can be rescued before irreversible injury occurs. Restoring blood flow can mitigate the effects of ischemia only if performed quickly.


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