What is the efficacy of hemostatic therapy in the treatment of hemorrhagic stroke?

Updated: Apr 22, 2019
  • Author: David S Liebeskind, MD, FAAN, FAHA, FANA; Chief Editor: Andrew K Chang, MD, MS  more...
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Answer

A preliminary study of treatment rFVIIa demonstrated reduced mortality and improved functional outcomes. Unfortunately, the results of a subsequent randomized trial that was larger than the preliminary study revealed no overall benefit from treatment; hemostatic therapy with rFVIIa reduced growth of the hematoma but did not improve survival or functional outcome. [39]

Diringer et al found that a higher dose of rFVIIa was associated with a small increase in the risk of arterial thromboembolic events in patients who presented less than 3 hours after spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. Arterial events were also associated with the presence of cardiac or cerebral ischemia at presentation, with advanced age, and with antiplatelet use. [40]

The investigators also found that with the use of 20 or 80 mcg/kg rFVIIa, the rates of venous events were similar to those with placebo.


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