Which factors increase the risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and what are the possible complications?

Updated: Jun 06, 2019
  • Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Major surgical and high-risk orthopedic procedures place patients at risk for deep venous thrombosis and venous thromboembolism, including pulmonary embolism. Complications of DVT include postphlebitic syndrome or death from pulmonary embolism. Therefore, prophylaxis with anticoagulant medications, as well as the adjunct use of mechanical devices, is essential. The most effective treatment protocol for a patient must be determined on a case-by-case basis and account for the risk-benefit ratio in each situation. A risk stratification protocol, such as that developed by the American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP), is recommended to determine the appropriate level and method of treatment.

For more information, see Deep Venous Thrombosis Prophylaxis.


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