What is the role of IVC filters in the treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT)?

Updated: Jun 06, 2019
  • Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

In the past, inferior vena cava filters were placed in 4.4% of patients. Recent use was documented in 14% of patients with DVT; this rate was perhaps due to broadened indications with the introduction of removable filters. Temporary or removable filters, all of which may also be left as permanent, permit transient mechanical pulmonary embolism (PE) prophylaxis. This option may be useful in the setting of polytrauma, head injury, hemorrhagic stroke, known VTE, or major surgery when PE prophylaxis must be maintained during a short-term contraindication to anticoagulation.


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