Which heparin products are used in the treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT)?

Updated: Jun 06, 2019
  • Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Heparin products used in the treatment of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) include unfractionated heparin and low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) The efficacy and safety of low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) for the initial treatment of DVT have been well established in several trials. Traditionally, heparin has been used only for admitted patients with DVT. Regular unfractionated heparin was the standard of care until the introduction of LMWH products. Heparin prevents extension of the thrombus and has been shown to significantly reduce (but not eliminate) the incidence of fatal and nonfatal pulmonary embolism and recurrent thrombosis.


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