How common is pulmonary embolism (PE) in patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and what are treatment options?

Updated: Jun 05, 2019
  • Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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As many as 40% of patients have silent pulmonary embolism (PE) when symptomatic deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is diagnosed. [4] Approximately 4% of individuals treated for DVT develop symptomatic PE. Almost 1% of postoperative hospitalized patients develop PE. The 10-12% mortality rate for PE in hospitalized patients underscores the need for prevention of this complication. Treatment options include anticoagulation therapy and placement of an inferior vena cava filter. If evidence of right heart failure is present or if adequate oxygenation cannot be maintained, the thrombus may be removed with pharmacomechanical thrombolytic intervention.

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