What is the role of the factor V Leiden mutation in the etiology of deep venous thrombosis (DVT)?

Updated: Jun 05, 2019
  • Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Factor V Leiden is a mutation that results in a form of factor Va that resists degradation by activated protein C, leading to a hypercoagulable state. Its importance lies in the 5% prevalence in the American population and its association with a 3-fold to 6-fold increased risk for VTE. Antiphospholipid syndrome is considered a disorder of the immune system, where antiphospholipid antibodies (cardiolipin or lupus anticoagulant antibodies) are associated with a syndrome of hypercoagulability. Although not a normal blood component, the antiphospholipid antibody may be asymptomatic. It is present in 2% of the population, and it may be detected in association with infections or the administration of certain drugs, including antibiotics, cocaine, hydralazine, procainamide, and quinine. [85]

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