Which sites are at increased risk for the development of venous thrombi in deep venous thrombosis (DVT)?

Updated: Jun 05, 2019
  • Author: Kaushal (Kevin) Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Barry E Brenner, MD, PhD, FACEP  more...
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Answer

Studies have shown that low flow sites, such as the soleal sinuses, behind venous valve pockets, and at venous confluences, are at most risk for the development of venous thrombi. [20, 21] However, stasis alone is not enough to facilitate the development of venous thrombosis. Experimental ligation of rabbit jugular veins for periods of up to 60 minutes have failed to consistently cause venous thrombosis. [22, 23] Although, patients that are immobilized for long periods of time seem to be at high risk for the development of venous thrombosis, an additional stimulus is required to develop deep venous thrombosis (DVT).


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