How are recurrent ankle sprains prevented?

Updated: Jan 14, 2019
  • Author: Craig C Young, MD; Chief Editor: Sherwin SW Ho, MD  more...
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Answer

The prevention of future ankle sprains depends on the type of activity in which the patient is engaged. Certain sports (eg, soccer, basketball, volleyball) have a high incidence of ankle sprains. [1, 3, 80, 81, 82]

Athletes must understand the importance of adequate training and conditioning to prevent future injury or to minimize injury severity. An adequate warm-up period and a gradual transition into activity are general principles that also can be applied to prevent future injury. The athlete should wear shoes with good stability and, if possible, should exercise on even surfaces. [81] High-top shoes, lace-up ankle braces, Velcro ankle braces, and/or ankle taping may add stability during activities and prevent further injury. [83] Evidence suggests that muscle imbalance and increased body mass may place athletes at risk for ankle sprains; thus, it is important for an athlete to have good muscle strength and endurance and maintain good overall conditioning. [84]


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