What are secondary risk factors for pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Secondary factors include the following [15] :

  • Illness or debilitation increases pressure ulcer formation
  • Fever increases metabolic demands
  • Predisposing ischemia
  • Diaphoresis promotes skin maceration
  • Incontinence causes skin irritation and contamination
  • Other factors, such as edema, jaundice, pruritus, and xerosis (dry skin)

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