What are the risk factors for the formation of pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Various approaches to the identification of persons at risk for the formation of pressure injuries have been tested. A person who uses a wheelchair, is in bed for most of the day, or has impaired ability to reposition the body should be assessed for additional factors that increase risk of pressure injuries. General physical and mental condition, nutritional status, activity level, mobility, and degree of bowel and bladder control are all known to affect this risk. [9, 56, 170, 125, 117]


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