What is the efficacy of foam mattresses for the prevention of pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

A systematic review concluded that special foam mattresses designed to prevent pressure injuries were generally more effective than standard mattresses in patients at risk. [102] Organizations might consider the use of pressure-relief devices for high-risk patients in the operating room because this is associated with a reduction in the postoperative incidence of pressure injuries.

An updated systematic study not only confirmed the benefit of higher-specification foam mattresses but also suggested that sheepskin overlays were beneficial as well. [103] One of the trials included in this analysis determined that alternating-pressure mattresses may be more cost effective than alternating-pressure overlays. Several studies found only limited evidence when higher-technology products were compared. [104, 102]


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