Why is it important to optimize nutritional status in patients with pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Nutritional status should be evaluated and optimized to ensure adequate intake of calories, proteins, and vitamins. [80] Malnutrition is one of the few reversible contributing factors for pressure injuries, and establishing adequate caloric intake has been shown to improve healing of these lesions.

In a review of six clinical studies aimed at examining the effect of oral nutritional supplementation (ONS) enriched with arginine, vitamin C, and zinc in pressure ulcer care, ONS was found to have positive effects on pressure injury healing and potentially to reduce the risk of developing these injuries. [39, 81]


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