What is the order of tissue damage in pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Of the various tissues at risk for death due to pressure, muscle tissue is damaged first, before skin and subcutaneous tissue, probably because of its increased need for oxygen and higher metabolic requirements. [23, 24] Irreversible changes may occur during as little as 2 hours of uninterrupted pressure. Skin can withstand ischemia from direct pressure for up to 12 hours. By the time ulceration is present through the skin level, significant damage of underlying muscle may already have occurred, making the overall shape of the ulcer an inverted cone.


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