What are the ranges of pressure that can cause pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Lindan et al documented ranges of pressure applied to various anatomic points in certain positions. [21] The points of highest pressure with the patient supine included the sacrum, heel, and occiput (40-60 mm Hg). With the patient prone, the chest and knees absorbed the highest pressure (50 mm Hg). When the patient is sitting, the ischial tuberosities were under the most pressure (100 mm Hg). Obviously, these pressures are greater than the end capillary pressure, which is why these are the areas where pressure injuries are most common.


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