How are pressure injuries (pressure ulcers) prevented?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Answer

Factors that subject the tissue at risk to potential skin breakdown should receive particular attention. Patients should be kept clean and dry and should be repositioned frequently. For patients at risk, adequate pressure relief must be provided, along with adequate nutritional support.

For patients who develop pressure injuries, these preventive measures must be used in conjunction with the techniques of general wound care. Nonoperative wound care may involve simple topical therapy, as for pressure injuries with unbroken skin or superficial lesions with nondraining, noninfected granulation tissue. For draining necrotic or infected lesions, treatment also may include absorption agents, calcium alginate dressings, wound coverings, debridement, and antimicrobial therapy.


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