What are the options for surgical closure of pressure injuries (pressure ulcers)?

Updated: Mar 26, 2020
  • Author: Christian N Kirman, MD; Chief Editor: John Geibel, MD, MSc, DSc, AGAF  more...
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Options available for surgical management of pressure injuries are as follows:

  • Direct closure (rarely usable for pressure injuries being considered for surgical treatment)
  • Skin grafts
  • Skin flaps
  • Myocutaneous (musculocutaneous) flaps
  • Free flaps

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